Data security is increasingly important as there are a plethora of data breach attempts on businesses and institutions around the world. Higher education institutions are especially enticing to malicious hackers as they hold large quantities of financial data. NACAC has compiled this list of data security resources for higher education to help institutions protect student data and confidential information.
- Information Security Guide: Effective Practices and Solutions for Higher Education
This guide from the Higher Education Information Security Council (HEISC) offers toolkits, case studies, effective practices, and recommendations to improve data security practices for higher education institutions.
- Educause on Data Breach
Educause offers many links to resources on handling a data breach, best security practices and sources of data breaches. Also, check out their cybersecurity resources.
- Data Breaches in Higher Education Institutions - UNH Scholars
This research paper provides a literature review of studies on data breaches in higher education and analyzes data on the types of data breaches from 2005-2017. The author finds that larger more financially well-off schools are targeted and that social security numbers are the most likely type of data stolen. About 31 percent of data breaches originate internally, according to the paper.
- Key Issues in Managing Data Breach Risk in Higher Education: Practical Tips for Before, During, and After
NACUA summarizes various data privacy laws. It provides suggestions for in-house counsel to assess and assist with institutional data-breach prevention efforts and to guide mitigation efforts during and after a data breach.
- College and University Data Breaches: Regulating Higher Education Cybersecurity Under State and Federal Law
This paper provides an overview of data breaches from the legal perspective and provides suggestions on how to respond.
- Data Protection Primer for Higher Education: Environmental Considerations, Culture, and Practices
Educause provides a general overview of data protection and the associated issues.
- Department of Education’s Data Breach Response Checklist
This checklist features critical breach response components and steps to assist organizations in building a comprehensive data breach response capability.
- Department of Education – Protecting Student Privacy for Postsecondary School Officials
The DOE offers multiple resources on responding to a data breach and showcases security best practices.
- AACRAO: EU's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
AACRAO offers many resources explaining GDPR and how prepare for/implement it.
- AACRAO: 10 Questions to Consider to Help Prevent Breaches in Student Record Security
AACRAO asks about employees’ levels of familiarity with data security that can be used to self-reflect or asses the security practices of an institution.
- Institute for Higher Education Policy: Privacy and Security
IHEP gives a list of resources on privacy and security issues in postsecondary data policy.
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European Union General Data Protection Regulation Guidance
In April 2016, the European Parliament and European Council approved the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR); the rule takes effect beginning May 25, 2018. Any institution that processes and/or maintains data of students or citizens of the EU is subject to these regulations.Read More
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974 is a federal law that affords parents the right to have access to their children's education records, the right to seek to have the records amended and the right to have some control over the disclosure of personally identifiable information from the education records. When a student turns 18 years old, or enters a postsecondary institution at any age, the rights under FERPA transfer from the parents to the student ("eligible student").Read More
The Compliance Center
The Compliance Center provides information on federal laws and regulations pertaining to the work of NACAC members.Read More